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Xiao-Jiang Li, Former Emory University professor and Chinese “Thousand Talents” participant convicted and sentenced for filing a false tax return

May 18, 2020

Xiao-Jiang Li has pleaded guilty to a criminal information charging him with filing a false tax return and was sentenced by a U.S. District Judge on the same day. Dr. Li, a former Emory University professor and Chinese Thousand Talents Program participant, worked overseas at Chinese Universities and did not report any of his foreign income on his federal tax returns.

“This defendant thought that he could live two, separate lives—one here at Emory University and one in China as a Thousand Talents Program participant,” said U.S. Attorney Byung J. “BJay” Pak. “Eventually, the truth caught up to this defendant, and he is now a convicted felon who is ordered to repay over $35,000 to the IRS.”

“The Department of Justice remains vigilant over programs such as the Thousand Talents Program that recruits professors and researchers to work for China,” said Assistant Attorney General for National Security John C. Demers. “In this case, Li was caught in his lack of transparency. We are grateful for the work our partners have done to bring light to this case.”

“IRS Criminal Investigation is diligent when it comes to enforcing tax laws directed at those who attempt to defraud our nation’s tax system," said James E. Dorsey, Special Agent in Charge of Atlanta Field Office. “This sentencing is an example that federal tax crimes will not go unpunished. Those consequences include being a convicted felon and paying back all the taxes owed including penalties and interest.”

“Li's actions demonstrated a flagrant disrespect for the law and taxpayers,” said Chris Hacker, Special Agent in Charge of FBI Atlanta. “The FBI and our federal partners will always pursue individuals like Li, who victimize innocent taxpayers for their own personal gain.”

“Our watchdog agency will continue to aggressively investigate anyone who does not adhere to agency rules regarding the disclosure of foreign funding and affiliations,” said Special Agent in Charge Derrick L. Jackson, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Office of Inspector General. “We will continue to work closely with our law enforcement partners to bring these types of cases to justice.”

According to U.S. Attorney Pak, the charges and other information presented in court: In late 2011, while employed at Emory University, Li joined the Thousand Talents Program, a Chinese-government talent recruitment initiative that targets professors and researchers to work in China. Starting in 2012 and continuing until 2018, Li, while still working at Emory University researching, among other things, the use of large animal models to investigate Huntington’s disease, also worked at two Chinese universities—first at the Chinese Academy of Sciences and then at Jinan University—conducting similar large animal model research. Over those six years, Li earned at least $500,000 in foreign income that he never reported on his federal income tax returns.

Li’s false income tax returns came to light after the National Institutes of Health (“NIH”) reviewed Li’s NIH research grant applications and became concerned that he had failed to disclose, among other things, foreign research activity. Those concerns prompted Emory University, and later, federal law enforcement, to investigate the matter, which revealed Li’s false tax returns.

Xiao-Jiang Li, 63, of Atlanta, Georgia, pleaded guilty on May 8, 2020, and was sentenced to one year of probation and ordered to pay restitution in the amount of $35,089. He was also ordered to file lawful income tax returns for the years 2012 through 2018 within the first two months of his probation and fully cooperate with the Examination Division, Internal Revenue Service, in making a complete and accurate determination of all taxes, penalties, and interest that he owes.

The Internal Revenue Service Criminal Investigation, Federal Bureau of Investigation, and Department of Health and Human Services OIG investigated this case.

Assistant U.S. Attorney Samir Kaushal and Department of Justice National Security Division Trial Attorney Matthew J. McKenzie prosecuted the case.

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